Despite the acceleration of the process in recent years, universal access to energy will not be achieved by 2030. This evaluation of Sustainable Development Goal 7 (SDG 7) has is the subject of the study “Tracking SDG7: The energy Progress Report” published by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA), the World Bank, the Division United Nations statistics (UNSD) and the World Health Organization (WHO).
However, the report said, significant progress had been made in the area of access to sustainable energy before the start of the Covid-19 crisis. The number of people without access to electricity worldwide has decreased, there has also been an acceleration in the deployment of renewable energies and energy efficiency has improved significantly.
“Even before the unprecedented crisis we are experiencing today, the world was unable to reach this sustainable energy goal. Now the latter seems even more out of reach. This means that we must redouble our efforts to bring clean, affordable and reliable energy to all, especially in sub-Saharan Africa where the need is greatest in order to build more prosperous and resilient economies, ” said Fatih Birol, the Executive Director of the IEA.
Another 3 billion people, the majority of whom are in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, still lack access to clean cooking energy. As for the growth rate of electrification, it will have to go from 1.7% per year to at least 3% in order to allow a greater reduction in the number of people still in the dark. Among other things, this will require increasing the volume of investment in renewable energy that arrives in the least developed countries, whose populations are deprived of electricity. Indeed, if the volume of investments in clean energy in developing countries has doubled since 2010, rising to more than $ 21.7 billion in 2017, only 12% of these funds are devoted to the poorest countries.
Without a rapid paradigm shift, 530 million people will still not have access to electricity in Africa by 2030.
Source: Agence Ecofin