The tension surrounding the filling of the Great Renaissance dam in Ethiopia worries many players in the international community. The latter especially call for a return of Ethiopia to the negotiating table with Egypt.
“Regarding the difficulties associated with GERD, we hope that the differences between the two nations can be resolved through peaceful dialogue and negotiations,” said Zhang Gaohui, director of political affairs at the Chinese Embassy to the Ethiopia. China, Ethiopia’s main economic partner, has provided around $ 16 billion in credit to the nation, of which $ 1.2 billion has gone to building the power line for the dam.
Over the past week, United Nations Secretary Antonio Guterres has urged the two countries to resolve their differences peacefully. The President of the European Commission, Ursula Von der Leyen and the President of the European Council Charles Michel also sent a letter to the Prime Minister of Ethiopia, Abiy Ahmed, in which they offer their support for the conduct of the negotiations. The letter came two months after Egypt called on the European Union to help it out of this impasse.
Researchers from the German Institute for Security and International Affairs have also proposed that the EU provide support to determine the cost of slower filling of the dam for Ethiopia. A cost for which the EU could later help Egypt pay Ethiopia to slow the filling of the dam.
The efforts of the United States and the World Bank to mediate between the parties fell apart when Ethiopia withdrew from the negotiations, believing that the American side had gone out of its prerogatives.
Recall that GERD has a capacity of 6,450 MW and was financed by equity from Ethiopia for more than $ 4 billion. Despite threats from Egypt, the dam has been over 70% complete and its filling has started, while negotiations, finally started on the conditions of construction of the infrastructure first, then its filling, are still in progress.
Source: Agence Ecofin