As a way to mitigate climate change’s effects and ensure sustainable development, various stakeholders who gathered in Abuja at the weekend during the 3rd National Energy Efficiency Summit have called for a coordinated policy and action plan among government’s Ministries, Departments and Agencies (MDAs) in order to promote energy efficiency best practices among Nigerians.
The stakeholders also canvassed for more education and sensitisation programmes, standardisation of energy efficient appliances, effective monitoring and enforcement of policies regarding energy efficiency to drag home the campaign.
This year’s summit, which is the third in the series, with the theme: “Promoting Energy Efficiency Best Practices: Imperative for the Power Sector Reform and National Development”, provided opportunity for relevant stakeholders to assess progress made so far during the cause of the project.
It will be recalled that on the 24th of April 2009, the Global Environment Facility 9GEF), under the GEF-4 Strategic Programme, Climate Change Strategic Programme 1- Promoting Energy Efficiency in Residential and commercial Building approved a total grant of $3million for Nigeria to implement the project “Promoting Energy Efficiency in Residential and Public Sector in Nigeria”.
The project is being implemented by the United Nations Development Programme, UNDP, Nigeria country Office in collaboration with the Energy Commission of Nigeria and the Federal Ministry of Environment.
Listing the achievements recorded in the three years at the summit, National Programme Coordinator, UNDP-GEF Energy Efficiency Programme, Mr. Etiosa Uyigue, said the project has installed two complete sets of light testing equipment to upgrade the laboratories of Standard Organisation of Nigeria, SON, and the National Centre for Energy Efficiency and Conservation, NCEEEC, for energy efficiency testing of lighting devises.
Besides, he said it has installed the development of minimum energy performance standards for Compact Fluorescent Lamps (CFLs) in collaboration with SON, adding that it has also conducted end-use monitoring study in residential areas across the six geopolitical zones of Nigeria to access the current level of energy efficiency of selected appliances, which include refrigerators, air conditioners and lighting. He explained further that it embarked on encouragement of the retrofit of inefficient appliances in public building to more efficient ones.
According to him, UNDP-GEF programme was designed to assist Nigeria to embrace energy efficiency in order to mitigate climate change in Nigeria.
Some of its objectives, he said were to set minimum standard for energy performance standard for appliances; assist government in enforcement of energy efficiency by setting up testing laboratories; and to create awareness and support the process and programme to accelerate energy efficiency. He stated that the programme has trained over 1000 personnel in Nigeria. The implementation phase of the project was launched in May 2011.
The overall objective of the project is to improve the energy efficiency of a series of end-use appliances in residential and public sectors in Nigeria through the introduction of appropriate energy efficiency policies and measures such as standards and labels, and demand-side management programmes.
The project will assist Nigeria to increase access to energy, while mitigating the emission of greenhouse gases resulting from energy generation. It will also help to strengthen Nigeria’s regulatory and institutional framework, develop monitoring and enforcement mechanisms, provide training to appliance and equipment professionals, and launch a public outreach campaign to promote energy efficiency in Nigeria.
The Director General of ECN, Professor Jidere Bala, who was represented by his deputy, Mr. Ekpenyong Okon, disclosed many experts have been working with the agency to review the energy policies to give energy efficiency and conservation more focus in the last three months.
According to him, the revise policy would consolidate the gains and achievement of UNDP GEF project, saying the latter has always been supporting the activities of ECN with regard to energy efficiency.
Speaking on the importance of the summit, former Dean of Faculty of Engineering, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Professor D.A Kuku, stated that this year’s summit would serve as a way to collate the results made from past ones.
He maintained that the nation has some level of deficiency in the area of energy efficiency, pointing out that the only way out is the use of efficient methods. Representative of Director General of National Orientation Agency, stated that the issue of climate change is not only economic and environmental, but behavioural issue, saying his agency would like to partner in the area of creating awareness and sensitization.
Representative of the Director General of SON, Mr. Richard Adewumi, an engineer said his agency has struck the right synergy with all stakeholders as regard energy efficiency, promising that standards emanating from the summit are going to be adopted across West Africa.
According to him, a lot of progress had been made in the last two summits, adding that the project has produced two laboratories, while facilitating effort in acquiring facility to measure refrigerator.
In his paper entitled, “Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policy: A Component of the National Energy Policy (NEP)”, Deputy Director/Head, Energy Linkages and Research Energy Commission of Nigeria, Mr. Okon N. Ekpenyong, stated that the draft revised National Energy Policy contains Energy Efficiency and Conservation Policies covered the key sectors of the nation’s economy, namely: residential, industrial, transportation, services/commercial, agriculture and building designs.
Through the policy, he said the nation “shall promote and adopt energy efficiency and conservation best practices in the exploitation and utilization of its energy resources.
According to him, residential sector Energy Efficiency policy strategies are aim at promoting the use of energy efficient domestic cook stoves; designing, promoting and Implementing Minimum Energy Performance Standards (MEPS) and mandatory labelling for household energy consuming appliances; raising awareness on the cost-benefits of energy efficiency in the home; incorporating energy efficient standards into the National Building Code; encouraging widespread adoption of energy saving lamps e.g. Light Emitting Diodes (LEDs) and compact fluorescent lamps (CFLs) and the phasing-out of inefficient lamps e.g. incandescent bulbs.
In his paper on “Metering Study in Nigeria”, Internal Technical Adviser, UNDPGEF, Nigeria, Dr. Jason Yapp, said based on study and analysis, s $84.9million would be saved in a year if the nation transit to energy efficiency bulbs such as CFLs while 111.9 kilotonnes of crude oil is also saved. He said currently, the nation has recorded 52 per cent in the use of CFLs in residential and public sectors.
Assistant Director, Federal Ministry of Power, Engr. Faruk Y. Yusuf, stated in his paper on “Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy in the Nigerian Electricity Sector: Prospects and Challenges”, that Nigerians should expect the adoption of new Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency policy by end of 2014.
He stated that steps being taken by the ministry involved the review of renewable energy and energy efficiency policy; interministerial approval process, presentation of the package for the Federal Executive Council for approval, implementation of Action Plans, and vetting of the policy’s Action Plans before adoption.
He identified challenges to renewable energy and energy efficiency in the country to include lack of incentives to consumers, lack of awareness, high cost, high rate of electricity theft, current low electricity tariffs, perennial/inadequate supply of electricity, high entry costs, despite low operating cost, comfort with and reliability of generator.
National Centre for Energy R&D, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Dr. G. O Unachukwu, described energy efficiency as changes in both technical and behavioural that bring about a lasting reduction in the amount of energy used per unit of production volume or a given level of comfort.